What is it?
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) is the infection of the urinary tract, usually caused by microbes. The urinary tract comprises of the kidneys, ureters, bladder and the urethra.
Bacteria have been found to be the cause for most of the UTIs, while fungi cause some of them. Viral infections occur rarely and are usually seen in patients who might have undergone organ transplants or suffering from other medical conditions that will weaken the immune system.
Most of the UTIs are known to affect only the urethra and the bladder in the lower tract. But, they can affect the ureters and kidneys too, in the upper tract but they are rare and usually severe.
The Urinary Tract Infections show different symptoms depending on the part of the urinary tract they affect.
The doctor will try to diagnose the condition by first performing a physical examination. The diagnosis will then be confirmed by performing urine tests to determine the microbe that might be responsible.
The urine sample taken from the patient needs to be a ‘clean catch’ sample, which is the urine sample collected from the middle of the urinary system instead of the beginning. This is to avoid the bacteria or yeast present from the skin that can contaminate the sample.
Urinary Tract Infection diagnosis is usually confirmed in the patient if the number of white blood cells in the urine is high. Once confirmed, urine culture is done to determine if the microbe is bacteria or fungi. Special testing is required to determine if a virus is responsible.
If the patient is suffering from recurrent UTIs then the doctor will try to check if there are any abnormalities in the urinary tract by using any of the following diagnostic tests,
The doctor treats an Urinary Tract Infection depending on the cause of the infection.
As bacteria are found to be a major cause of most UTIs, the doctor might prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection.
If the tests find that fungi caused the infection, the doctor might prescribe antifungals. While if the tests showed the virus as the cause, the doctor would treat it with antiviral medication.
I was admitted in November suffering fever and headache i consulted other hospital but my problems is still not comedown
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