What is it?
Total Hip Replacement is a surgical treatment option where the injured or damaged sections of the hip joint are completely removed by the surgeon and then replaced with parts usually manufactured constructed from metal or hard plastic. This prosthesis will help improve the functionality of the hip and reduce the pain too.
Doctors recommend Total Hip Replacement when the pain in the hip is unbearable and doesn’t allow the patient to perform his/her daily activities properly. This is usually considered as a last option when other treatment options do not work.
When is it needed?
Some of the cases where the surgeon opts for Total Hip Replacement surgery are:
- Osteoarthritis is the damage of the cartilage covering present at ends of the hipbones due to wear and tear that restrict their smooth movement.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis is an inflammation caused by the immune system where the bone and cartilage erodes deforming the joints.
- Osteonecrosis is caused by the deficiency of blood supply to the ball of the hip joint leading to the deformation and collapse of the bone.
The doctors might also recommend this surgery for hip pain that:
- Persists even after prescribing pain medications and physical therapy
- Stops the patient from doing his/her normal activities like walking, running, climbing stairs etc.
- Remains even at night while resting or sleeping.
- Prevents the movement of the leg
- Preparation of the patient for the hip joint replacement surgery is usually done by performing diagnostic tests like blood tests, ECG or X-ray etc., for a safe surgery.
- Blood Donation might be recommended before the surgery if needed.
- Patients are advised to inform the doctor of the medications and supplements presently being consumed.
- Please do not eat and drink at least 6-12 hours prior to the procedure.
- Doctors will usually recommend the hip implant, which consists of the ball component, made of strong metal or ceramic and the socket component, a durable cup-shape made of plastic, ceramic or metal with an outer metal shell.
- The patient’s residence will have to be prepared for the post-surgery by making adjustments as per the doctor’s recommendations.
- It is an arthroplasty surgery in which the perfect restoration of the hip joint is essential.
- Anesthesia will be administered to the patient before the surgery. It can be either:
- Local Anesthesia that numbs the region below the waist.
- General Anesthesia renders the patient unconscious
- The surgeon will then create incisions or cuts through layers of tissue, usually in the front side of the hip
- Then the surgeon will remove the diseased and damaged bone and cartilage leaving the healthy bone intact.
- The surgeon will now implant the prosthetic socket into the pelvic bone, replacing the damaged socket.
- The prosthetic ball will replace the round top of the femur, which is then attached to a stem fitted into the thighbone.
- The required measures to control any blood-clotting situation, pain and swelling are usually taken by the surgical team.
- The patient will be assisted to walk the next day of surgery and is usually discharged in 72-96 hours.
- The patient and the caretakers will be trained on how to handle things when the patient is taken back home. The physical therapist will provide an exercise regimen for the patient to follow.
- The patient will have to visit the Doctor for a follow-up appointment after a few days.
About Green View Medical Center
We, at Green View Medical Center, strictly adhere to the Government of India guidelines set by the NPAA for procuring standard Implants at the standardized Government rates. We perform high-end Total Hip Replacements like Dual Mobility and Ceramic on Ceramic (COC) Total hip replacements.
Green View Medical Center has separate unit with a dedicated specialist consultant, who is ably supported by a team of highly trained and experienced health professionals, including physiotherapists.
We also provide in-house rehabilitation facilities of all types.