Polycystic ovarian disease is a condition caused by hormonal imbalance affecting the ovulation process in the menstrual cycle. In PCOS multiple cysts are formed inside the ovary. Cysts are fluid filled small sac like structures. They can cause infertility, irregular menstrual bleeding and changes in the body.
Causes for Polycystic Ovarian Disease
Some of the reasons that can cause polycystic ovarian disease include:
- High levels of testosterone: increased release of male hormones can prevent the release of egg from the ovaries during the ovulation process.
- High levels of luteinizing hormone: the elevated levels of LH hormone can also affect the ovaries and the release of egg during menstrual cycle.
- High levels of prolactin: Prolactin is hormones that stimulate the breast cells to produce milk. This can also cause PCOD symptoms
- High level of insulin: excess insulin release from the gland can affect the ovary functions to ovulate and release the egg.
- Low level of sex hormones:
- Overweight: obesity increases the chances for insulin resistance which in turn affects the ovulation process.
Symptoms for Polycystic Ovarian Disease
PCOD is developed by the imbalance of hormone levels in the body. Its important to maintain precise levels of hormone for various body functions. The variation in hormone levels activates the ovaries to produce high levels of androgen and result in stoppage of egg formation. This causes infertility in patients having PCOD. Other symptoms include:
- Excess hair growth due to high levels of male hormone
- Over weight
- Irregular menstrual periods
- Pain during periods
- Pelvic pain
- High blood glucose levels
Treatment options for PCOD
It is important to maintain a healthy and well balanced diet to check on overweight, blood glucose levels and for regular menstrual periods. Apart from this other treatment options include:
- Birth control pills- birth control pills are only recommended for patients who are not wishing to get pregnant. The use of birth control pills controls the release of male hormones from the ovaries and regulates the menstrual periods.
- Anti androgen drugs – intake of anti androgen drugs reduce the level of androgen hormones and stops excess hair growth.
- Fertility drugs – these drugs are prescribed for patients who are trying to conceive and get pregnant.
- Surgery – surgery is an option to treat PCOS as they destroy the abnormal cysts formation in the ovary. Laparoscopic surgical methods are used to perform surgery as they are minimal invasive and enables the surgeon to view enlarged images of the ovaries and cysts and enables complete removal of cysts from the ovary. This enables the proper functioning of the ovary and produce healthy egg for fertilization with the sperm.
At Greenview medical centre, we have a team of experts to help you treat and recover from all medical conditions related to PCOD. We have the best medical infrastructure and medical utilities to provide all round care and support to the patients. For any queries related to PCOD management contact us.