The rectum is referred to the last couple of inches of the digestive tract and its opening to the outside is called anus. Rectal problems can occur in both men and women. Most of these problems are treatable as long as they are detected early and properly diagnosed. It highly recommended that patients suffering from rectal pain or bleeding to visit the doctor as soon as possible.
Rectal Problems in Women
Some of the common rectal problems that affect women are:
This is a medical condition that occurs in the anal region due to swollen veins. Hemorrhoids usually appear either inside the rectum or under the skin surrounding the anus. They can arise from a number of problems, like straining during bowel movement, anal sex, obesity, low-fiber diet or constipation.
The doctor diagnose this condition by,
The doctors treat patients with hemorrhoids by any of the following treatment options,
This medical condition is usually caused when the lining of the anus tears due to constipation. The doctor diagnoses anal fissure by external examination of the anal region, or by using the anoscope to check the extent of the tear.
The doctor would recommend a high-fiber diet for a regular bowel movement. Some other treatment options include,
Anal Abscess or Fistula
This is a medical condition where a sack of pus is formed near the anal region. The doctor usually treats this condition with the help of antibiotics and surgical drainage.
Patients suffering from anal abscess experience pain and swelling. The doctor might prescribe medications if the fistula is caused by Crohn’s disease or surgical intervention might be recommended if required.
This is the medical condition where the patient suffers from accidental stool loss. The common causes of Fecal Incontinence are:
The doctor performs the diagnosis by examining the patient’s anorectal area for any changes, scarring, fissures or rectal protrusion. Some of the other diagnostic tests used for confirming the diagnosis are:
The doctor might suggest the following as treatment options for this condition:
This is usually caused due to other medical conditions like hemorrhoids, fissures, fistulas or abscess.
In some cases, the aching rectal pain might be related to the spasm of the pelvic floor muscles and is called Levator Syndrome. The left side is usually the more tender area. The doctor will inspect the area to confirm the diagnosis to exclude inflammation or any infection. The doctor might opt for the following to treat this condition:
Pain in the tailbone, also called Coccygodynia, is another cause for rectal pain. It could result from traumatic arthritis or childbirth. This pain is usually triggered by bowel movements. Tumors of the spine, pelvis and rectum and endometriosis have also been associated with rectal pain.
This is referred to as the itching sensation that is present around the anal region. Patients usually experience them after a bowel movement and they are often troublesome, especially at night.
Some of the causes of Pruritus Ani are:
Some of the ways that can be used to treat this disease are:
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