What is it?
Emergency and Critical Care is a branch of medicine that deals with the care for patients with illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention. The medical professionals of this branch of medicine take a specialization in Emergency Medicine.
Emergency medicine is usually the first point-of-contact care for patients so the specialists are required to possess skills in acute illness diagnosis and resuscitation. They are responsible for,
Recognizing the issue immediately
Evaluate, care and stabilize the patients in response to the acute illness or injury.
What happens there?
The critical conditions that are usually handled by the Emergency and Critical care medical professionals are:
The patients are usually transported by ambulance to the emergency and critical care center. They are treated initially with basic life support and then advanced life support is administered.
The patient arriving at the emergency care center is usually triaged to the resuscitation room where the patient is given oxygen, monitored, an ECG taken and given aspirin.
The Emergency and Critical Care center usually have different types of specialized equipment as they get patients under unstable conditions who need urgent treatment.
Most of the emergency staff are trained to use specialized equipment like Military anti-shock trousers, traction splints, defibrillators, automatic ventilation, and CPR machines, and bleeding control dressings.
Some emergency care units might have their own radiology diagnostic equipment, like CT Scan and ultrasound scanners.
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