The opening of the stomach has a valve called the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) that controls the opening and closing of the stomach when food passes through.
If the LES does not work properly, the stomach acid might move up the esophagus or the food pipe causing a burning pain in the chest called Acid Reflux. Heartburn is the burning pain that occurs in the stomach to the esophagus to the chest and sometimes reaching the throat.
If acid reflux symptoms such as heartburn occur as often as twice per week then this condition is called gastroesophageal reflux diseases (GERD).
Some of the known symptoms for Acid Reflux, Heartburn and GERD are:
There are a variety of reasons that can cause acid reflux or GERD, some of these include,
If a patient has frequent heartburn or other symptoms related to it, it is advised to get medical assistance right away. The following are some of the methods used to diagnose acid reflux or GERD,
Some of the treatment options that doctors recommend are:
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